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* 1900-1909 1910-1918 *
National Negro Business League is formed in Boston, sponsored by Booker T. Washington.


L. Frank Baum writes The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.
Carrie Nation begins a crusade against alcohol, using an ax to demolish the interiors of saloons.

A Frenchman sails around the Eiffel Tower in Paris in a dirigible balloon.
Congress makes free mail delivery to rural residents a permanent part of the United States postal system.


Wright Brothers fly the first airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.


President Teddy Roosevelt designates Pelican Island, Florida, as the first national wildlife refuge.

Henry Ford founds the Ford Motor Company and begins building Ford automobiles.
New York City gets it first subway line.


Ice cream cones are introduced at the St. Louis World's Fair.
    National Child Labor Committee organized to encourage laws banning the employment of young children.
The first nickelodeon, a theater where people could see a short "moving picture" for a nickel, opened in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.


Earthquake and fire destroy most of San Francisco, California.
Pure Food and Drug Act made it illegal to make or sell food, drugs and alcohol containing improper ingredients, or to give false information on product labels.
Immigration to the United States peaks at 1.2 million, with most immigrants coming from southern or eastern Europe.


Henry Ford introduces his Model T automobile.

Americans are singing hit songs like, "Take Me Out to the Ball Game."
Matthew Henson, an African-American, becomes the first man to reach the North Pole.

W.E.B. DuBois helped found the National Association for Colored People (NAACP) to fight southern lynching and racial segregation.


Coffee, a favorite American beverage since the Civil War, is now marketed in an "instant" form.

* 1900-1909 1910-1918 *

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