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* 1810-1819 1830-1839 *


The United States government declares that any American involved in the importation of Africans for enslavement will receive the death penalty.

Henry Schoolcraft begins his research into the history and culture of Native Americans in the Lake Superior region.


The American colony of Liberia is established on the west coast of Africa, and is settled by 130 African Americans.
Denmark Vesey, a free African American living in Charleston, South Carolina, plans a rebellion against enslavement, but is discovered.
The United States adopts a policy, known as the Monroe Doctrine, discouraging further colonization of either North or South America by European countries.
Congress authorizes the Army Corps of Engineers to survey potential road and canal routes for the growing American nation.


American Revolutionary War hero, the Marquis de Lafayette, is welcomed with enthusiasm during a return visit to the United States from his native France.

In Troy, New York, educator Emma Willard opens the first women's school with college-level courses.


The 350 mile long Erie Canal, the most important passenger and freight route from the East to the Midwest, is completed.


Painters like Thomas Cole capture the natural beauty of the Hudson River Valley on canvas, founding a distinctly American style of landscape painting.
John Russwurm and Samuel Cornish of New York City publish the first African-American newspaper, Freedom's Journal.


Artist and ornithologist John James Audubon publishes the first of his drawings of the hundreds of colorful birds of North America.
Noah Webster completes his monumental American Dictionary of the English Language, after working on it for 20 years.
The railroad age begins as the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad carries its first passengers in a horse-drawn excursion train.

* 1810-1819 1830-1839 *

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