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* 1800-1809 1820-1829 *
American settlers in the region of western Florida rebel against Spanish control and establish ties to the United States.


Construction begins on the National Road, a main route for settlers moving west and farmers shipping farm products to eastern cities. By the time it was completed in 1838, the road ran from Cumberland, Maryland to Vandalia, Illinois.

Enslaved African Americans lead an unsuccessful revolt in Louisiana.


The United States goes to war with Great Britain after the British interfere with American trade and force American sailors to serve in the British navy.


United States Navy wins a battle with a British war ship on Lake Erie, strengthening the American position on the Great Lakes.

At his Waltham, Massachusetts factory, Francis Cabot Lowell installs the first American power loom, a machine for weaving cotton cloth.


Francis Scott Key writes the words to "The Star-Spangled Banner" during an unsuccessful attack on Fort McHenry by the British.

The War of 1812 is ended by the Treaty of Ghent.
With the signing of a treaty with Algeria, pirates from the Barbary Coast are no longer a threat to American trading ships and sailors.


American whaling ships sail the Pacific Ocean in search of whales. Many Americans light their homes with lamp oil made from whale blubber.
American Colonization Society is organized to buy land in West Africa for the resettlement of free blacks.


The construction of the Erie Canal through New York State begins. This important canal connects the Hudson River with Lake Erie, providing a continuous inland water route to the Great Lakes region.
The President's House in Washington, D.C., burned by the British during the War of 1812, becomes known as the "White House" when it is repaired and given a gleaming coat of white paint.


Spanish Florida becomes a territory of the United States through a treaty signed with Spain.

* 1800-1809 1820-1829 *

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